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Professor of Neuroscience


Professor of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences

College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences

4458 TAMU College Station, TX 77843-4458

Phone: 979-845-4201

Previous positions:

Associate Professor of Physiology & Pharmacology, Iowa State University

Professor and Interim Dept. Head, Dept. Biology, Texas A&M University

A&Msystembutton Distinguished Researcher Award,

 Texas A&M


Auburn LogDistinguished Alumnus,

Auburn University



Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society

Distinguished Member, Distinguished Lecturer (2013, 2014)



American Association for the Advancement of Science

Regional President, Southwest and Rocky Mountain Region


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 Research Publications:

 Click here to access many of my research publications.

Research Interests

(all topics published in over 250 peer-reviewed publications)

brainstem mechanisms of arousal/behavior, alcohol and opiates, information carrying mechanisms in neurons, behavioral arrest (animal hypnosis, catalepsy), learning/memory, hippocampal functions, chemical signals, electroencephalography, animal & human, human cognition and EEG, pedagogy, especially on-line collaborative learning

Research Discoveries

(Range from model membranes to human cognition)

  • radiation induces an adrenal stress response
  • ruminants sleep and also show REM sleep
  • ethanol selectively acts on certain neurons
  • ethanol displaces hydrogen-bonded water on membrane lipid
  • opiates selectively act on certain neurons
  • rhythmic activity in the hippocampus reflects a widespread activating influence of the brainstem reticular formation that is not always associated with movement
  • freeze behavior (“animal hypnosis”) is a brainstem-mediated reflex
  • neuronal spike trains contain sequential interval codes in certain clusters of impulses (i.e., they can act like a “byte” processor)
  • acetaldehyde in body fluids is a biochemical marker for estrus and ovulation
  • sex hormones promote memory consolidation
  • multiple areas of cerebral cortex become synchronized at various frequencies during memory recall and “eureka” phenomena

Editorial Board Member, Science Journals

  • Communications in Behavioral Biology (later became Behavioral Biology)**, 1970-1973
  • Associate Editor and Board member, Journal of Electrophysiological Techniques, 1978-1988
  • Associate Editor and Board member, Psychopharmacology,** 1980-1985
  • Prog. Neuropsychopharm. Biol. Psychiat.,** 1988-2001
  • Arch. Clin Neuropsychology,** 1992-2003
  • American Journal of Veterinary Research,** 1995-1999
  • Texas A&M University Press, 1997 to 1999

Editorial Board Member, Education Journals

  • The Technology Source, 1999-2003
  • Innovate, 2004-2008
  • International Journal of E-learning, 2004 – present
  • Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 2005 – present
  • Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 2005-present
  • Journal of Effective Teaching, 2010-present

Manuscript Reviewer for Science Journals (multiple disciplines)

  • Peer reviewer of scholarly manuscripts
  • ~ 500 papers for 45 journals

Educational K-12 Outreach (see also “Educational Consultant”)

  • Project Director for educational outreach grants (NIH, NSF) to middle schools, community colleges, and post-graduate animal-health professionals. Awards in excess of $7.5 million.
  • Founder and President, Forum Enterprises
  • Co-creator of one of the original on-line collaborative learning environments, Forum

 Patents and Related Activities

  • #3,513,832 (1970), Respiration and Cardiovascular Monitoring Apparatus (with F. B. Hembrough)
  • # 5,721,142 (1998). Body-fluid volatile compounds as biochemical markers and predictors of estrus and ovulation. Assigned to Texas A&M University. World patents pending in Canada, European Union, Australia, New Zealand (1998).
  • FORUM, a new computer conferencing system (Copyrights 1993, version 1.0; 1995, version 2.4; version 3.0, 1998), assigned to Texas A&M Univ.
  • Get Smart, an interactive, computer-based instructional assistant, 1998 (shared with Jim Snell)
  • MATRIX, an Internet based conferencing system in which users share and annotate documents using their Web browser. Co-developed in 2001, with Jim Snell. One of the original Web 2.0 environments.
  • Curriculum Vitae for more detail

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